Mandatory Child Abuse Reporting in PA

by Instructor: Teresa Crowe, PhD


i 2.00 CEH

Bundle Overview
Child abuse and neglect is widespread and associated with a variety of psychosocial problems. While federal law broadly defines child abuse, each state is charged with refining and specifying what constitutes child abuse and outlining report and investigation procedures. Pennsylvania Code defines categories of mandatory reporters who are required to report cases of suspected child abuse. The Pennsylvania Department of Human Services uses ChildLine, an organizational unit that receives, refers, and maintains reports of abuse investigations. The guidelines outline the process for assessment and investigation procedures for these reports. DHS staff members assess the level of risk to the child and make recommendations for action to ensure the safety and well-being of the child. Practitioners may be involved with intervention activities. Multicultural skills and sensitivities are often required to work with children and families from diverse backgrounds.

About the Course Author

Dr. Crowe graduated from the University of Maryland - Baltimore County in 1987 with a BA degree in psychology and social work.  She graduated from the MSW program at Gallaudet University in 1992. In 2000, Dr. Crowe graduated from the University of Maryland at Baltimore with a PhD in social work. Her professional career primarily focused on mental health in the Deaf community. She worked in multiple settings, including an inpatient psychiatric unit, community mental health agencies (outpatient services), and private practice. While in her doctoral studies and afterward, she conducted research about various issues affecting Deaf and hard of hearing individuals, such as ASL-translated instruments, alcohol use, domestic violence, sating violence, mental health needs, and telemental health. Teresa Crowe, PhD has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
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Course Details
  • Course Code:

  • Hours:

  • Type:

    Online Course
  • Release Date:

  • Expiration Date:

  • Learning Objectives:

    Define the meaning of child abuse according to 23 Pa.C.S. Chapter 63; Describe the physical, psychological, behavioral and environmental indicators of child abuse; Identify risk factors related to child maltreatment; Outline the procedures for making a report to ChildLine
  • Outline:

    Section 1: Introduction

    - Type of Child Abuse Reporter and Frequency of reporting of 3.4 million Reports in 2016

    Section 2: Pennsylvania Statistics of Maltreatment

    - Types of Injuries Inflicted

    - Relationships of the perpetrators to the child in substantiated reports of abuse

    Section 3: Person Responsible for the Child's Welfare

    Section 4: General Protective Services and GPS

    - GPS

    - CPS

    Section 5: Role of the practitioner in Child Welfare

    Section 6: Definitions of Child Abuse

    - Bodily Injury

    - Serious physical neglect

    - Serious mental injury

    Section 7: Sexual abuse or exploitation

    Section 8: Age of consent

    Section 9: Assessment Process

    Section 10: Informed consent during assessment

    - Conducting an assessment

    - Questions for an assessment 

    Section 11: Indicators of child abuse

    - Signs that may indicate physical abuse

    - Signs That may Indicate Neglect

    - Signs that may indicate mental injury

    Section 12: Case study No.1

    - Signs that may indicate sexual abuse

    Section 13: Case study No.2 

    - Signals of Danger

    Section 14: Signals of Danger

    Section 15: Risk Factors Associated with Abuse

    - Risk factors related to child maltreatment

    Section 16: Permissive and mandated Reporters

    - Permissive Reporters

    - Mandeted reporters

    - Attorneys and clergy

    Section 17: Case study No.3

    Section 18: Reporting Requirements

    Section 19: Confidentiality versus privilged communication

    Section 20: Reporting Process

    Section 21: Investigation Process

    Section 22: Act of a failure to act

    Section 23: Immunity

    Section 24: Case study No. 4A

    Section 25: Penalties for failure to report

    Section 26: Case Study No. 4B

    Section 27: Right to know law

    Section 27: Human Trafficking

    - Definition of human trafficking

    - Definition of labor trafficking

    - Severe forms of trafficking in persons 

    - Definition of a commercial sex act

    - At-risk youth populations for human trafficking

    - Victim identification/warning signs include but are not limited to

    Section 28: Resources











  • Target Audience:

    The target audience for this course is: Entry level Emergency Medical Personnel; in the following settings: Acute Care Facility.
  • Course Delivery Method and Format:

    Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
    Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form ( or by using the chat functionality.
    All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
    Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
    All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
    To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
  • Accommodations:

    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.
  • Disclosures:

    Expert Reviewers, Instructors, and Staff Writers disclosures will be listed above after the individuals' biographical paragraph. All other members involved within the planning of this educational activity have declared no conflict of interest exists when planning and developing this course.
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