Hydration: Assessment and Treatment

by Instructor: Eleanor Schiavo, MS, RD, CNSC


i 12.00 CEH

Course Overview

Water makes up between 50% and 60% of the human body. It makes sense that treatment of patients, especially critically ill patients, begins with the administration of fluid. Determining the hydration status and fluid needs of patients, as part of the nutrition assessment, can be complicated. Assessment of hydration involves understanding the fluid compartments of the body, how and why fluids shift between compartments, the role of electrolytes in fluid balance, and how acid-base balance figures into hydration and electrolyte status. Every dietitian must have an understanding of water and its role in the stability of the patient. A good knowledge of this topic will also improve interdisciplinary communications, as the dietitian will be confident in discussing fluids and electrolytes.

About the Course Author

Eleanor Schiavo, MS, RD, CNSC, has worked in the acute care setting for almost 20 years at Saint Joseph's Regional Medical Center in Paterson, N.J., focusing on critical care and nutrition support. She has contributed to various publications over the years on topics related to critical care. She has contributed a chapter on water and micronutrients in the books "The Dietitian's Handbook of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition," 3rd ed., and "Nursing Delegation and Management of Patient Care," 2nd ed. Eleanor Schiavo, MS, RD, CNSC has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
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Accreditation Information

Certificates provided by accrediting body (2 Match)

  • Commission on Dietetic Registration


    Relias LLC is a Continuing Professional Education (CPE) Accredited Provider with the Commission on Dietetic Registration (CDR). Continuing Professional Education Provider Accreditation does not constitute endorsement by CDR of a provider, program, or materials. CDR Credentialed Practitioners will receive 12.0 Continuing Professional Education units (CPEUs) for completion of this activity/material.

    Activity Number: 147071 Learning Need Code(s): 2070, 2110, 3005, 3010 CPE Level: Level II

    Dietitians/nutritionists may submit activity evaluations directly to CDR; QualityCPE@eatright.org, or mail to: Commission on Dietetic Registration, Attn: Accredited Provider Unit, 120 South Riverside Plaza, Suite 2190, Chicago, IL 60606-6995.

    Critical Thinking Evaluation Tool
  • Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition


    Florida Council of Dietetics and Nutrition accepts medical errors courses approved by any Board within the Division of Medical Quality Assurance of the Florida Department of Health. Relias Learning, LLC is an approved provider of continuing education in nursing by the Florida Department of Health, Board of Nursing, provider # 50-290. This course is approved for 12.0 contact hours.

Course Details
  • Course Code:

  • Hours:

  • Type:

    Online Course
  • Release Date:

  • Expiration Date:

  • Learning Objectives:

    Assess the hydration status of a patient; Determine fluid needs of a patient; Differentiate between acid base balance disorders; Discuss the appropriate uses for various IV fluids, such as normal saline, hypotonic saline, hypertonic saline, lactated Ringer’s, and colloids; Discuss the basics of water balance for the body; Evaluate care-planning strategies for fluid deficits; Evaluate health status using electrolyte values; Explain the risks of dehydration in the elderly; Identify laboratory values that indicate hydration status and health status; Review fluid alterations in various diseases; Write fluid recommendations for patients and develop a plan to implement recommendations
  • Target Audience:

    The target audience for this course is: Level II level Dietitians; in the following settings: Acute Care Facility.
  • Course Delivery Method and Format:

    Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
    Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form (https://www.relias.com/help) or by using the chat functionality.
    All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
    Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
    All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
    To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
  • Accommodations:

    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.
  • Disclosures:

    Expert Reviewers, Instructors, and Staff Writers disclosures will be listed above after the individuals' biographical paragraph. All other members involved within the planning of this educational activity have declared no conflict of interest exists when planning and developing this course.
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