Revised April 2010. Nutrition professionals must understand this disease to advise their clients on lifestyle and diet for prevention. New author Nancy Gustafson has updated all sections of this course to reflect current research and standards of practice. Includes chapters on bone physiology, risk factors, preventive exercise, supplementation, hormone replacement therapy.
Upon completing this course, the student will be able to:
- Explain the criteria for determining osteopenia and osteoporosis
- Discuss the reasons for osteoporosis prevention intervention
- Explain the process of bone remodeling as it relates to bone accrual and bone loss throughout the life stages
- Understand the difference between trabecular and cortical bone and the relationship of each to fracture risk.
- List the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for low bone density
- Explain why the incidence of osteoporosis is higher in women than in men, in some ethnic populations and for certain body types
- Explain the connection between hormonal status and osteoporosis
- Discuss the implications of various types of physical activity/sports relative to bone density
- Formulate an action plan for prevention of osteoporosis including reduction of risk factors, diet, physical activity, and possible prophylactic medications
- Discuss dietary options to maximize bone health in special populations such as vegetarians, persons who are lactose-intolerant or who are unable to consume dairy products as a source of calcium
- Discuss appropriate interventions for eating disordered individuals or women presenting with the "female athlete triad"
- Understand when bone density testing is appropriate, the options for testing currently available, and the rationale used for each type of test
- Explain the results of bone density tests and the implications for lifestyle changes
- Understand the current treatment modalities for osteoporosis, including diet, medications, and physical activity
- Suggest alternative steps that can be taken to protect bone in postmenopausal women when hormone replacement therapy is not an option
- Explain the risk factors for fracture besides low bone density
- Understand the main components of an effective program of physical activity to prevent falls
- Discuss the considerations for safe exercise in persons with established osteoporosis and comorbidities
- List environmental changes that can be made to reduce the risk of falls leading to fracture
Course content may take a few minutes to display fully.
This course is intended for an interprofessional audience, including dietitians, health educators, and fitness professionals.
Fitness professionals: Take this version of the course to ensure you receive appropriate credit.
For the version accredited or approved for another profession, go to your specific profession at www.continuingeducation.com
. If you have a CE Direct login ID and password (generally provided by your employer), please log in as you normally would at cedirect.continuingeducation.com
and search for this topic title.
OnCourse Learning is recognized by the American Council on Exercise as a Continuing Education Specialist (provider #250164). This course is approved for 1.0 ACE CEC.
OnCourse Learning is recognized by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Certification Committee as an approved provider of continuing education (provider #A1074). This course is approved for 0.4 CEU of continuing education for the CSCS & NSCA-CPT.
The American College of Sports Medicine’s Professional Education Committee certifies that Nutrition Dimension meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2010 to 2013 (provider #681205). ACSM’s Professional Education Committee certifies that OnCourse Learning meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2013 to December 2019 (provider #730441). This course is approved for 10.0 ACSM CEC. ACSM approved providership of these programs does not imply endorsement of the sponsoring organization’s products/services.
Course Originally Released on:
Date of Most Recent Review:
Course Termination/Update Date:
Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.