The majority of elderly people are women. Estrogen deficiency presents a challenge that is not faced by younger women. While not all of the effects of estrogen deficiency can be offset by dietary intake, diet and exercise play crucial roles in “successful aging” which maximizes longevity and minimizes premature disease, disability and dysfunction. Health professionals need to understand and help their elder female clients modify diet, exercise and lifestyle activities to achieve and maintain independence and “successful aging.” Chapters include: the aging process; death and disease patterns; biology of aging; physiology of menopause; heart disease; osteoporosis; osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis; Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, cognitive function; the frail elderly; and exercise for postmenopausal women.
The goal of this course is to explore the current dietary recommendations related to menopause and the years beyond and examine the scientific evidence, which provides the underlying rationale for those guidelines. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- Distinguish between the terms “usual aging” and “successful aging” and identify the major nutritional factors that are associated with successful aging
- Explain the relationship of elevated and low Body Mass Index to mortality in females
- Identify age-related changes in physiological systems, including gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, endocrine and immune systems
- Discuss the physiology of menopause and its influence on hormone levels
- Answer the frequently asked question: “Does menopause cause weight gain?”
- Describe the effect of menopause on fat distribution and metabolic syndrome
- Identify the nutritional factors associated with primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and the alterations in lipid levels that are likely to occur in postmenopausal women
- Summarize the current scientific literature regarding calcium supplementation, vitamin D supplementation and soy intake in slowing and/or restoring bone mass loss in postmenopausal women and preventing fractures
- Describe the nutritional factors associated with osteoarthritis and discuss the use of supplemental glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
- Describe the nutritional issues, particularly those associated with B vitamins and antioxidants, associated with Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia
- Compare and contrast the nutritional issues of the frail elderly, considering both institutionalized and non-institutionalized populations
- Identify the changes that occur in dietary intake, including supplement use, and physical activity as women age and summarize nutrient and physical activity recommendations that are specific to post-menopausal women
- Identify the nutrition screening and assessment tools that are available for use with older women and demonstrate their use
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This course is intended for an interprofessional audience, including dietitians, health educators, and fitness professionals.
Fitness professionals: Take this version of the course to ensure you receive appropriate credit.
For the version accredited or approved for another profession, go to your specific profession at www.continuingeducation.com
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OnCourse Learning is recognized by the American Council on Exercise as a Continuing Education Specialist (provider #250164). This course is approved for 1.1 ACE CEC.
OnCourse Learning is recognized by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Certification Committee as an approved provider of continuing education (provider #A1074). This course is approved for 0.7 CEU of continuing education for the CSCS & NSCA-CPT.
The American College of Sports Medicine’s Professional Education Committee certifies that Nutrition Dimension meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2010 to 2013 (provider #681205). ACSM’s Professional Education Committee certifies that OnCourse Learning meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2013 to December 2016 (provider #730441). This course is approved for 11.0 ACSM CECs. ACSM approved providership of these programs does not imply endorsement of the sponsoring organization’s products/services.
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.