As a pregnant woman’s body changes, so do her nutritional needs. With early prenatal care and nutrition support, most women can expect a good pregnancy outcome. Timely assessment of a woman’s nutritional status can help ensure appropriate weight gain throughout her pregnancy and reduce risk factors for diet-related complications. Many nutritional risk factors for poor maternal and fetal outcomes can be addressed with early intervention involving simple lifestyle changes, such as adding specific types of foods to the diet or eliminating others. While broad nutritional guidelines are available to pregnant women from a variety of professional sources, compliance with a healthy diet is most likely ensured when a woman follows her own individualized meal plans that are balanced out with foods she will actually eat. A dietitian can work with pregnant clients to come up with feasible solutions for just about any nutrition issue.
The goal of this pregnancy and nutrition continuing education module is to teach healthcare professionals how to improve pregnancy outcomes by instructing pregnant women on proper weight gain and diet during pregnancy. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- Recognize risk factors associated with poor pregnancy outcome.
- Discuss the effect of the nutritional status of pregnant women on pregnancy outcome.
- List three factors that influence the nutritional status of a pregnant woman.
- Discuss the relationship of fetal development to nutrient requirements, by trimester.
- Identify the proper weight gain for the pregnant woman who, at conception, is a normal weight, underweight or overweight.
- Plot the weight gain of a pregnant woman on a prenatal weight gain grid.
- List the current intake recommendations during pregnancy for calories, protein, sodium, iron, folic acid, zinc and calcium.
- Determine a plan of nutrient supplementation for a pregnant woman who, prior to pregnancy, is well nourished, poorly nourished or anemic.
- Analyze the diet of a pregnant woman, using a food frequency form, to determine if it meets the dietary recommendations for pregnancy.
- Recommend three solutions for the common complaints of pregnancy: nausea, vomiting, heartburn and constipation.
- Design a diet for a woman with gestational diabetes that has the appropriate number and distribution of calories.
- Explain the current treatment for preeclampsia and its rationale.
- Explain the effects of maternal cigarette smoking on the fetus and pregnancy outcome.
- Identify safe levels of consumption of caffeine and alcohol for the pregnant woman.
- Discuss the roles of omega-3 fatty acids in fetal development and pregnancy outcome, and list four sources in the diet.
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This course is intended for an interprofessional audience, including dietitians, health educators, and fitness professionals.
Fitness professionals: Take this version of the course to ensure you receive appropriate credit.
For the version accredited or approved for another profession, go to your specific profession at www.continuingeducation.com
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OnCourse Learning is recognized by the American Council on Exercise as a Continuing Education Specialist (provider #250164). This course is approved for 1.0 ACE CEC.
OnCourse Learning is recognized by the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA) Certification Committee as an approved provider of continuing education (provider #A1074). This course is approved for 0.7 CEU of continuing education for the CSCS & NSCA-CPT.
The American College of Sports Medicine’s Professional Education Committee certifies that Nutrition Dimension meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2010 to 2013 (provider #681205). ACSM’s Professional Education Committee certifies that OnCourse Learning meets the criteria for official ACSM Approved Provider status from 2013 to December 2019 (provider #730441). This course is approved for 10.0 ACSM CECs. ACSM approved providership of these programs does not imply endorsement of the sponsoring organization’s products/services.
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.