Each year, more than 40 million major operations are performed in U.S. hospitals, and 800,000 to 2 million patients develop surgical site infections (SSIs). SSIs account for nearly 40% of all hospital-associated infections among surgical patients and are the second most commonly reported hospital-associated infections. They are 60% more likely to spend time in ICUs, five times more likely to be readmitted to the hospital, and twice as likely to die as other postoperative patients. When surgical patients die, 75% of the deaths are attributable to a surgical wound infection. SSIs also contribute significantly to U.S. healthcare expenses, costing an estimated $130 million to $845 million each year. In this course, learn about the causes and risk factors for SSI.
The goal of this program is to provide the healthcare team with information on preventing surgical site infections (SSIs). After studying the information presented here, you will be able to —
- Explain why prophylactic antibiotics should be given 30 to 60 minutes before incision and discontinued within 24 hours after surgery.
- Discuss why giving antibiotics after wound closure does not prevent infections.
- Discuss why hypothermia and hyperglycemia are included in Joint Commission core measures for preventing SSIs.
- Discuss patient-related risk factors that influence the development of SSIs.
- List four classes of surgical procedures.
This course is approved for surgical techs and is approved for January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2016.
This continuing education activity is approved for 1.00 CE credits by the Association of Surgical Technologists, Inc., for continuing education for the Certified Surgical Technologist and Certified Surgical First Assistant. This recognition does not imply that AST approves or endorses any product or products that are discussed or mentioned in enduring material.
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.