Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is a common opportunistic infection in people with HIV. Formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, it is still commonly abbreviated as PCP. Before the 1980s, there were less than 100 cases of PCP reported annually in the United States; by the end of that decade, well over 100,000 cases of PCP were reported. The occurrence of PCP has significantly decreased with the use of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and prophylaxis. Despite this, PCP still remains the most frequent opportunistic lung infection in patients with HIV. If PCP is suspected, empirical treatment should begin immediately as mortality is almost 100% if untreated.
The goal of this course is to educate pharmacists, physicians, and health educators about the clinical presentation, extrapulmonary manifestations, and treatment/prophylaxis of PCP. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- Discuss the epidemiology of PCP in patients with HIV
- Describe the clinical presentation and means of diagnosis of PCP
- List the drugs used for treatment and prophylaxis of PCP in patients with HIV
This course is intended for an interprofessional audience, including pharmacists, EMTs/paramedics, and health educators.
Health Educators: Take this version of the course to ensure you receive appropriate credit.
For the version accredited or approved for another profession, go to your specific profession at www.continuingeducation.com
. If you have a CE Direct login ID and password (generally provided by your employer), please log in as you normally would at lms.nurse.com
and search for this topic title.
Sponsored by OnCourse Learning, a designated provider of continuing education contact hours (CECH) in health education by the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc. This program is designated for Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES) and/or Master Certified Health Education Specialists (MCHES) to receive up to 1.0 total Category I continuing education contact hours.
Provider ID: CA0084 (98709) for 01/01/2012 to 12/31/2015, 114941 for 01/01/2016 to 12/31/2019.
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.