$15.00

i 1.25 Hours

Course Overview

Pharmacological management is both an art and a science. This course serves to provide an understanding of the basic mechanisms of action found in commonly used classes of cardiac agents. It is aimed to equip the clinician with the didactic pharmacological knowledge required to properly manage various cardiac conditions.

About the Course Author

David Hoeft, MD is a board certified Anesthesiologist at American Anesthesiology of New York. In addition to his strong background in physical and chemical sciences, David is actively involved in graduate medical education and research, and brings clinical and didactic expertise across the continuum of medical practice. David Hoeft, MD has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.

Dr. Susan Zhao graduated from the Normal University in Beijing, China with a BS in biology in 1995. She subsequently came to the United States to pursue post graduate training including a MS degree from Drexel University in 1997, followed by basic research at Rockefeller University. Following her passion for research, she went on to graduate magna cum laude with a MD from Harvard Medical School in 2005. Dr. Zhao completed her internal medicine internship and residency from Massachusetts General Hospital in 2008 and cardiology fellowship from the University of California, San Francisco in 2011.

Since joining the faculty at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center in 2011, Dr. Zhao has been highly regarded for her passion in teaching and mentorship and received the Excellence in Teaching faculty award in 2013. She is actively involved with clinical research in multiple areas including: functional tricuspid valve dysfunction due to chronic atrial fibrillation; the relationship between occult atrial fibrillation and cryptogenic stroke; cardiac manifestations of methamphetamine abuse, among others. Her work has resulted in peer-reviewed publications and presentations at international conferences.

Susan Zhao, MD has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Elizabeth Kellerman, MSN, RN worked as a critical care nurse in an Intensive Care Unit of a community hospital and that experience provided significant training in caring for older adults. Her experience and knowledge led her to nursing education where she taught at a community college as she received her Master's in Nurse Education at Western Carolina University. As a nursing instructor, she spent time in many types of care settings including medical-surgical inpatient and community living centers. Her passion for education and training has most recently led her to a position as Subject Matter Expert and Content Writer for Relias. She is currently developing her medical writing skills through the University of California San Diego's medical writing program. Elizabeth Kellerman, MSN, RN has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.
Kristen Ponichtera BSN, RN, CFRN, CTRN, CCRN brings 10 years of clinical and educational experience in the fields of critical care, emergency and aviation medicine. Serving as Program Director of Flight & Critical Care Nursing Education, she has created original comprehensive educational courses as well as has contributed to best-selling publications. An active member of the Air & Surface Transport Nurses Association (ASTNA), the American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN), and the Society of Trauma Nurses (STN), she has been revered as a resource and mentor to many clinicians serving in these specialties. Fulfilling roles as a registered nurse, ECMO specialist, director and clinical educator, Kristen brings a unique and original perspective to the realm of medical education. Kristen Ponichtera BSN, RN, CFRN, CTRN, CCRN has declared that no conflict of interest, Relevant Financial Relationship or Relevant Non-Financial Relationship exists.

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Accreditation Information

Certificates provided by accrediting body (10 Match)

  • American Nurses Credentialing Center

    1.25HOURS

    In support of improving patient care, Relias LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.


  • California Board of Registered Nursing

    1.25HOURS

    Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, CEP# 13791 Nurses will receive 1.25 contact hours for participating in this course.
  • District of Columbia Board of Nursing

    1.20HOURS

    District of Columbia Board of Nursing Approved Continuing Education program (CEBroker Provider #50-290). Nurses will receive 1.2 contact hours for participating in this course.
  • Florida Board of Nursing

    1.00HOURS

    Florida Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290). Nurses will receive 1.0 contact hours for participating in this course.
  • Georgia Board of Nursing

    1.25HOURS

    Georgia Board of Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290). Nurses will receive 1.25 contact hours for participating in this course.
  • Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education

    1.25HOURS

    In support of improving patient care, Relias LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.


    Relias LLC designates this enduring activity for a maximum of 1.25 AMA PRA category 1 Credits™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
  • South Carolina Board of Nursing

    1.25HOURS

    This program was approved by the South Carolina Board of Nursing Approved Continuing Education Program (CEBroker Provider #50-290).
    Nurses will receive 1.25 contact hours for participating in this course.
  • Florida Board of Medicine

    1.25HOURS

    Florida Board of Medicine (CEBroker Provider #50-290).
  • Florida Physician Assistants

    1.25HOURS

    Florida Physician Assistants (CEBroker Provider #50-290)
  • West Virginia Board of Registered Nursing

    1.25HOURS

    West Virginia Board of Registered Nursing (CEBroker Provider #50-290).
    Nurses will receive 1.25 contact hours for participating in this course.


Course Details
  • Course Code:

    REL-AC-0-CPIP
  • Hours:

    1.25
  • Type:

    Online Course
  • Release Date:

    2018-10-01
  • Expiration Date:

    2021-09-30
  • Learning Objectives:

    Discuss the relevant clinical implications of select cardiac medications.; Review physiological and pharmacological concepts associated with cardiovascular pharmacological agents.
  • Outline:

    Section 1: Introduction
    About This Course
    Learning Objectives
    Section 2: Background
    Introduction to the Nervous System
    Sympathetic Nervous System
    Parasympathetic Nervous System
    Neurotransmitters
    Review
    Summary
    Section 3: Autonomic Agents: Adrenergic
    The Adrenergic Receptors
    Adrenergic Agonists
    Adrenergic Antagonists
    Review
    Summary
    Section 5: Autonomic Agents: Cholinergic
    The Cholinergic Neuron
    Cholinergic Receptors
    Cholinergic Agonists
    Cholinergic Antagonists
    Review
    Summary
    Section 6: Antiarrhythmics
    Introduction
    Cardiac Electrophysiology
    Causes of Arrhythmias
    Class I: Sodium Channel Blockers
    Class II: Beta Blockers
    Class III: Potassium Channel Blockers
    Class IV: Calcium Channel Blockers
    Others: Digoxin, Adenosine, & Magnesium Sulfate
    Review
    Summary
    Section 7: Conclusion
    Course Contributor
    Resources
    References
  • Target Audience:

    The target audience for this course is: Nurses; Physician Assistants; Physicians; in the following settings: Acute Care Facility.
  • Course Delivery Method and Format:

    Asynchronous/Online Distance Learning; please see certificate details for specifics on delivery format.
    Relias has a grievance policy in place to facilitate reports of dissatisfaction. Relias will make every effort to resolve each grievance in a mutually satisfactory manner. In order to report a complaint or grievance please contact Relias.
    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Support by completing the web form (https://www.relias.com/help) or by using the chat functionality.
    All courses offered by Relias, LLC are developed from a foundation of diversity, inclusiveness, and a multicultural perspective. Knowledge, values and awareness related to cultural competency are infused throughout the course content.
    Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, service mark, manufacturer or otherwise does not constitute or imply any endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of, or affiliation with, Relias, LLC.
    All characteristics and organizations referenced in the following training are fictional. Any resemblance to any actual organizations or persons living or dead, is purely coincidental.
    To earn continuing education credit for this course you must achieve a passing score of 80% on the post-test and complete the course evaluation.
  • Accommodations:

    If you require special accommodations to complete this module, please contact Relias Customer Support here.
  • Disclosures:

    Expert Reviewers, Instructors, and Staff Writers disclosures will be listed above after the individuals' biographical paragraph. All other members involved within the planning of this educational activity have declared no conflict of interest exists when planning and developing this course.