Hypovolemia occurs for a variety of reasons. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea can deplete intravascular volumes. Excessive diuresis from diabetes insipidus or diabetic ketoacidosis can also reduce intravascular volumes. When caring for trauma patients, hypovolemic shock is due to blood loss from sustained injuries. A blood loss of 20% of total blood volume is considered hypovolemic shock. Hypovolemia is not always obvious. Patients with abdominal or chest injuries or fractures may bleed internally. Hypovolemic shock can be life-threatening in most trauma situations. Undetected or undertreated compensatory hypovolemic shock can progress to decompensated shock. The entire trauma team must remain alert for the signs of hypovolemic shock.
The purpose of this program is to inform paramedics about fluid resuscitation of patients in hypovolemic shock caused by blood loss. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- Identify the stages of hypovolemic shock
- Describe the clinical manifestations of hypovolemic shock
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of fluids used to treat hypovolemic shock
This course is designed for EMTs and Paramedics.
This CE activity is accredited for 1.0 Advanced CEH by OnCourse Learning, an organization accredited by Commission on Accreditation for Pre-Hospital Continuing Education (CAPCE).
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.
For Florida professionals:
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