The prevalence of hypertension in the United States has increased from about 50 million in 1988 to 76.4 million in 2008. An estimated one-third of the population, more than 76.4 million Americans, has hypertension. The death rate from high blood pressure increased 20.2% and the actual number of deaths increased 49.7% during the past few years; in 2008, high BP contributed to 347,689 deaths. Fewer than half of Americans with hypertension have met established BP goals. The prevalence of hypertension is highest in non-Hispanic blacks, tends to be higher in women and increases with advancing age. Recent data suggest that even people free of hypertension at age 55 still have a 90% lifetime risk of developing high BP. Because there are so many Americans with hypertension, it is vital for us to recognize hypertension and be familiar with the most common treatments, including lifestyle changes and medications.
The purpose of this program is to inform nurses, dietitians, paramedics and EMTs, pharmacists, physical therapists, physicians and radiologic technologists about current guidelines and drug therapy for the management of hypertension. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- State blood pressure goals in patients with uncomplicated hypertension and in patients with diabetes or renal disease
- Discuss the five components of lifestyle modification
- Discuss the five classes of antihypertensive drugs known to reduce the complications
Educational Gap: Health professionals are not able to identify and treat hypertension.
This course was reviewed and approved by Scott H. Plantz, MD, FAAEM, representing the University of Louisville School of Medicine Continuing Health Sciences Education.
Nov. 12, 2013: The American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) released new clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of blood cholesterol in people at high risk for cardiovascular diseases caused by atherosclerosis. We’ll be revising our CE courses that include information related to this change over the next year to reflect the new clinical guidelines. For more information about the new guidelines, go to:
This course is intended for an interprofessional audience, including nurses, dietitians, EMTs/paramedics, pharmacists, physical therapists, physicians and radiologic technologists.
Physicians: Take this version of the course to ensure you receive appropriate credit.
For the version accredited or approved for another profession, go to your specific profession at www.continuingeducation.com
. If you have a CE Direct login ID and password (generally provided by your employer), please log in as you normally would at lms.nurse.com
and search for this topic title.
Course Originally Released on:
Date of Most Recent Review:
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Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no real or perceived conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. Gannett Education guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.
Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.
This course completion will be electronically reported to CE Broker as required per Florida Statute 456.025(7). Click here to view your CE Broker transcript and check the status of your CE requirements with a FREE 7-day CE Broker trial subscription. It may take up to 24 hours for the course to appear on your CE Broker transcript.
Purpose and Target Audience
The purpose of this educational module is to provide timely and current information
on this important healthcare topic to the physician and other healthcare professionals
eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM.
Physician Continuing Education Credit
The University of Louisville Continuing Medical Education and Professional Development office designates
for a maximum of
AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM. Physicians
should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in
Course Completion Requirements and Certificate of Completion
After reading the presentation, complete the course test online. To successfully
complete the course, you must achieve a score of 75% on the multiple-choice exam.
You may retake the test as many times as necessary to pass. To complete the test
process and receive your certificate of completion, you must complete a brief survey
about the course material and process. After completing the evaluation, you may
immediately print your CE certificate of completion or save a pdf of it for your
records. You may also request a copy to be sent to you by mail. Certificates will
reflect the time and date the user passes the test (Eastern Time, U.S.). In the
event of loss, there is no charge for a replacement copy of a CE certificate.
Basic Computer & Browser Skills
Hardware and Software Requirements
High-speed internet connection (Broadband, Cable or DSL)
256 MBs or more of RAM
Windows 2000 or higher
MacOS 10.1 or higher
If you need technical support or have questions about the course, please e-mail
firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at 800-866-0919.
For questions about the Internet CME activity content, please contact University
of Louisville Continuing Health Sciences Education at
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form of course materials email email@example.com
or call us at 800-866-0919. Gannett Healthcare Group is committed to providing whatever
special assistance its users require to complete this educational activity.
The content contributors have no relevant financial relationships with any commercial
There is no commercial support provided for this online educational activity.
All information provided by course participants is confidential and will not be
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All of the content in this educational activity is copyrighted by Gannett Healthcare
Group. The University of Louisville has obtained permission from Gannett Healthcare
Group to use the content in this educational activity.
Original Release and Termination Dates
Medium or Combination of Media Used: Online text
Method of Physician Participation: Online
CME Estimated Time to Complete Activity: